Apprenticeship is a method of gaining the expertise needed to become a skilled tradesperson. This is done through a combination of on-the-job experience and classroom training.
The electrician apprenticeship term is 4 years (four 12-month periods), including a minimum of 1,500 hours of on-the-job training and 8 weeks of technical training in periods 1 through 3, and 1,350 hours of on-the-job training and 12 weeks of technical training in period 4.
Once training has been completed, the apprentice writes provincial examinations set by the Government of Alberta and becomes certified as a journeyperson.
The first period of technical training is 8 weeks in length. Apprentices are trained in circuit fundamentals, electromagnetic field (EMF) sources, lab fundamentals, the Canadian Electrical Code part 1 and blueprints.
The second period of technical training is 8 weeks in length. Apprentices are trained in alternating current (AC) circuit properties, RLC circuits, the Canadian Electrical Code part 1 plans and diagrams, heating and cooling controls and magnetic control and switching circuits.
The third period of technical training is 8 weeks in length. Apprentices are trained in 3-phase principles, 3-phase power measurement and power factor corrections, 3-phase motor principles, transformers, the Canadian Electrical Code/workplace coaching skills and advisory network.
The fourth period of technical training is 12 weeks in length. Apprentices are trained in electrical theory review, direct current (DC) machines, alternating current (AC) machines, control and switching/programmable logic controller (PLC), fire alarm systems, electronics, and Canadian Electrical Code part 1 applications and safety.